Diagnosing & Treating GI Disorders

For diagnosis of GI disorders , following procedures may berequired.

  • Upper endoscopy - A tiny video camera on along, flexible tube - called an endoscope - is inserted through themouth to look at the upper digestive system, including theesophagus, stomach, and beginning of the small intestine (duodenum).
  • Colonoscopy - An endoscope is inserted into the rectum toidentify abnormalities in the colon, and remove any potentiallypre- cancerous growths, called polyps.
  • Non-endoscopiccolon cancer screening - Tests the stool for signs of cancer.
  • Endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP) - Combinesendoscopy and fluoroscopy to examine the pancreatic and main bileducts.

  • Colorectal Cancer Symptoms

    Colorectal cancer can begin without any symptoms, but some warningsigns may develop over time.
    Talk to your doctor if youhave ongoing symptoms such as:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Blood in the stool (bright red, dark, or black)
  • Change in bowel movements, especially regarding stool shape (e.g., narrow like a pencil)
  • Cramping pain in lower abdomen
  • Discomfort orthe urge to move bowels when there is no need
  • Weight loss without dieting
  • Constant fatigue.

  • Colon Cancer Screenings

    Colon cancer screenings should begin at age 50 sooner if you haveany of these risk factors:

  • Strong personal or family history of colon cancer or polyps
  • Family with hereditary colon cancer syndromes since 2010 es recommended
  • Personal history of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease.
  • While screening is the most important step you can take to prevent colon cancer; it'snot the only one. Be proactive about keeping yourself healthy.


    Colonoscopy is the safest, most effective screening forpre-cancerous or cancerous colorectal polyps. Pre-cancerous polypscan be removed during a colonoscopy - often preventing cancer.